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Chopin: Preludes LP

Ingrid Fliter

Chopin: Preludes LP

...an authoritative, yet expressive performance
CKH 575 (Linn Records)
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Tracks: Listen and Download

Track Time Listen
1
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 1 in C Major (Agitato) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 1 in C Major (Agitato) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
00:39 Play
2
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 2 in A Minor (Lento) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 2 in A Minor (Lento) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
02:22 Play
3
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 3 in G Major (Vivace) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 3 in G Major (Vivace) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
01:08 Play
4
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 4 in E Minor (Largo) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 4 in E Minor (Largo) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
02:02 Play
5
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 5 in D Major (Molto allegro) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 5 in D Major (Molto allegro) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
00:38 Play
6
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 6 in B Minor (Lento assai) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 6 in B Minor (Lento assai) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
02:32 Play
7
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 7 in A Major (Andantino) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 7 in A Major (Andantino) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
00:57 Play
8
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 8 in F sharp Minor (Molto agitato) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 8 in F sharp Minor (Molto agitato) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
01:51 Play
9
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 9 in E Major (Largo) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 9 in E Major (Largo) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
01:31 Play
10
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 10 in C sharp Minor (Molto allegro) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 10 in C sharp Minor (Molto allegro) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
00:35 Play
11
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 11 in B Major (Vivace) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 11 in B Major (Vivace) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
00:41 Play
12
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 12 in G sharp Minor (Presto) (side A)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 12 in G sharp Minor (Presto) (side A)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
01:20 Play
13
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 13 in F sharp Major (Lento) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 13 in F sharp Major (Lento) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
03:36 Play
14
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 14 in E flat Minor (Allegro) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 14 in E flat Minor (Allegro) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
00:31 Play
15
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 15 in D flat Major ‘Raindrop’ (Sostenuto) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 15 in D flat Major ‘Raindrop’ (Sostenuto) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
05:59 Play
16
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 16 in B flat Minor (Presto con fuoco) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 16 in B flat Minor (Presto con fuoco) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
01:10 Play
17
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 17 in A flat Major (Allegretto) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 17 in A flat Major (Allegretto) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
03:12 Play
18
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 18 in F Minor (Molto allegro) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 18 in F Minor (Molto allegro) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
01:05 Play
19
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 19 in E flat Major (Vivace) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 19 in E flat Major (Vivace) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
01:34 Play
20
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 20 in C Minor (Largo) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 20 in C Minor (Largo) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
01:48 Play
21
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 21 in B flat Major (Cantabile) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 21 in B flat Major (Cantabile) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
02:00 Play
22
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 22 in G Minor (Molto agitato) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 22 in G Minor (Molto agitato) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
00:46 Play
23
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 23 in F Major (Moderato) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 23 in F Major (Moderato) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
01:33 Play
24
24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 24 in D Minor (Allegro appassionato) (side B)

24 Preludes, Op. 28: No. 24 in D Minor (Allegro appassionato) (side B)

Composer Frederic Chopin
Soloist Ingrid Fliter piano
02:35 Play
Total Running Time 42 minutes
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Award-winning pianist Ingrid Fliter performs Chopin's Op.28, a poetic collection of great emotional power and unrivalled artistic quality which demands high virtuosity. Also available to download and on disc.

Frederic Chopin

Frederic Chopin

Chopin was a Polish composer, virtuoso pianist, and one of the great masters of Romantic music.
profile & recordings >>
Ingrid Fliter

Ingrid Fliter

Ingrid Fliter is an award-winning Argentinian pianist who has both studied and performed internationally. 
profile & recordings >>

Gramophone ROTM

Gramophone Recording of the Month: ‘Ingrid Fliter seems to be able to achieve individuality seemingly effortlessly, with cherishable and memorable results. She is a virtuoso of the first order but she holds this in reserve, so when she does unleash her full technical armoury, it’s extraordinarily potent. A gem of a disc.’  

‘Lyrical gifts are manifest throughout a gorgeous disc... ’ The Telegraph

‘…truly memorable moments from Ingrid Fliter…’ The Guardian

‘…the five Mazurkas and 2 Nocturnes are so outstanding that I would recommend this disc for them alone.’ International Record Review

‘…[Fliter] brings a powerful and individual voice to the Preludes... The Mazurkas are excellently judged… The two Nocturnes end the CD on a poetic note…’ BBC Music Magazine

 

After the overwhelming success of her Linn debut Ingrid Fliter has proven herself an outstanding Chopin interpreter; ‘Chopin: Piano Concertos' was named ‘Disc of the Week' by BBC Radio 3 ‘CD Review', ‘Album of the Week' by Classic FM, a ‘Choice' recording by Gramophone and received many five star reviews.

Chopin's preludes achieve something close to perfection of form within the framework of the miniature, and each prelude has its own melodic, harmonic and rhythmic profile. Fellow pianist and composer Franz Liszt perhaps summed up the appeal of Op.28 best: ‘...they are poetic preludes, analogous to those of a great contemporary poet, who cradles the soul in golden dreams...' 

 

Chopin: Preludes

In the early nineteenth century, preludes were associated above all with improvisation, and they often preceded works of more specific construction, such as fugues or suites. Traditionally, the improvised prelude was designed to test the instrument (especially its tuning), and to give practice in the key and mood of the piece to follow. Collections of composed preludes, usually ordered according to various principles of key sequence, were common at the time. However, we should note that such collections were designed as ready-made introductions to works rather than as cycles. They were above all for the use of musicians who were not especially fluent in improvised preluding. This also explains why the preludes in these collections were ordered according to key: so that a suitable prelude could always be found for any given work. This function is confirmed by the titles, as for example in Hummel's Vorspiele vor Anfänge eines Stükes [sic] aus allen Dur und mol [sic] Tonarten, Op. 67 (c.1814/15) or Cramer's Twenty-Six Preludes or Short Introductions in the Principal Major & Minor Keys (1818).

There is some evidence that Chopin may occasionally have used his own preludes as introductions to his larger compositions, but this was not his normal practice. Mainly he performed them as self-contained works, individually or in small groups, and for this reason we can reasonably claim that he re-defined the generic term. The Op. 28 cycle consists of a succession of miniatures of great emotional power and unrivalled artistic quality. They retain an outward similarity to traditional collections of preludes, in their tonal sequence, epigrammatic dimensions, monothematicism and openness of form, but they actually initiate a quite separate tradition of concert preludes that would be further developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Unlike their predecessors, Chopin's preludes demand to be treated as ‘works' of weight and significance rather than as written-out improvisations, and they achieve something close to perfection of form within the framework of the miniature, the relationship of substance to scale expertly gauged. Contemporaries were confused by this departure from tradition, and not only contemporaries: ‘I must admit that I do not wholly understand the title that Chopin chose to give these short pieces', was André Gide's comment. ‘Preludes to what?', he went on to ask.

As far as we can tell, most of the Op. 28 preludes were composed in Paris during 1838, and the cycle was completed during the ill-fated winter of 1838-9 that Chopin spent on Majorca with the novelist George Sand. A piano had been sent to the island expressly for the purpose, and on 22 January 1839 Chopin was able to write to Camille Pleyel: ‘I am sending you my Préludes. I finished them on your little piano, which arrived in the best possible condition in spite of the sea, the bad weather and the Palma customs'. It is no doubt significant that Chopin took the Well-Tempered Clavier with him to Majorca, for that great work provides the most helpful context for his own cycle. Much of the figuration in Chopin's preludes has origins in J.S. Bach. There are moto perpetuo patterns, as in Nos. 11 (a kind of three-part invention), 14 and 19; subtly constructed figurations that allow linear elements to emerge through the pattern, as in the ‘trill' motives of Nos. 1 and 5; characteristic contrapuntal figures made up of discrete though interactive particles, as in Nos. 1 and 8; and bolder contrapuntal polarities, as in the dialogue of melody and ‘singing' bass in No. 9, or the dual function of the bass as harmonic support and melodic (polyphonic) line in No. 6. All this is part of a larger debt to Bach the contrapuntalist. But formally, too, the preludes evoke Baroque practice: by crystallizing a single Affekt in a single pattern and unfolding either in a ternary design (Nos. 15 and 17) or as a simple statement with conflated response (Nos. 3 and 12).

Each prelude of Op. 28 is itself a whole, with its own Affekt, its own melodic, harmonic and rhythmic profile, and even its own generic character: thus at various times Chopin invokes the nocturne (No. 13), étude (No. 16), mazurka (No. 7), funeral march (No. 2) and elegy (No. 4). Yet at the same time, the individual preludes make up a single over-arching whole, a real cycle that is enriched by the complementary characters of its components and integrated by the special logic of their ordering. From a purely formal viewpoint, that ordering is determined above all by the tonal scheme. But arguments have been ventured for a deeper unity based on motivic links between the preludes, extensive enough to justify describing the work in its entirety as an extended, organically conceived cycle. Whatever the truth of that, Op. 28 remains an utterly unique achievement, albeit one with a legacy. Later composers were happy to follow Chopin's lead in broadening the generic meaning of the prelude, as in the sets by Scriabin, Fauré, Rachmaninov and Szymanowski. Of special significance are the two books of preludes by Debussy, the composer who, more than any other, translated Chopin's achievement into the language of twentieth-century pianism, just as Chopin himself had translated Bach's equal-voiced counterpoint into what Carl Schachter once aptly called a ‘free, idiomatically pianistic counterpoint'.

The redefinition of genre in Op. 28 was not an isolated phenomenon in Chopin's output. It was his achievement to give generic authority to an emergent, early nineteenth-century piano repertory, crystallizing the meanings of some existing titles, and transforming the meanings of others. © Jim Samson, 2014

Ingrid Fliter Named Pianist Of The Year
15 December 2014
by Philly.com
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Gramophone Selects Fliter's Chopin In Top 10 List
28 November 2014
Must-have Chopin recordings includes 'Chopin: Preludes'
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The Telegraph
4 Stars
'Finding perfect grace in Chopin...the intelligence and passion of her playing are beyond dispute.'
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BBC Radio 3 ‘CD Review’
'Lovely...I enjoyed the whole set.'
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Philly.com
'Pianist of the Year':'...the Argentine seems to be at a new level of depth and individuality. The fingers are as dazzling as ever...'
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BBC Music Magazine
4 Stars
‘…[Fliter] brings a powerful and individual voice to the Preludes...The Mazurkas are excellently judged…The two Nocturnes end the CD on a poetic note…’
more >>

Gramophone
Recording of the Month: ‘Fliter draws so much from the music…She is a virtuoso of the first order…a gem of a disc.’
more >>

The Telegraph
5 Stars
'Lyrical gifts are manifest throughout a gorgeous disc...'
more >>

Sinfini Music
4 Stars
Norman Lebrecht Album of the Week: 'Some miraculous moments and a point of view that's as distinctive as it is persuasive sets Ingrid Fliter's Chopin apart from the competition.'
more >>