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Mozart: Wind Concertos

Scottish Chamber Orchestra

Mozart: Wind Concertos

CKD 273 (Linn Records)
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Tracks: Listen and Download

Format
Track Time Listen
1
Flute Concerto in G K.313 Allegro maestoso

Flute Concerto in G K.313 Allegro maestoso

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor Alexander Janiczek
Soloist Alison Mitchell - flute
9:11 Play $3.40
2
Flute Concerto in G K.313 Adagio non troppo

Flute Concerto in G K.313 Adagio non troppo

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor Alexander Janiczek
Soloist Alison Mitchell - flute
9:22 Play $3.40
3
Flute Concerto in G K.313 Rondo: Tempo di menuetto

Flute Concerto in G K.313 Rondo: Tempo di menuetto

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor Alexander Janiczek
Soloist Alison Mitchell -flute
7:34 Play $3.40
4
Bassoon Concerto in B flat K.191 Allegro

Bassoon Concerto in B flat K.191 Allegro

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor Alexander Janiczek
Soloist Ursula Leveaux - bassoon
7:06 Play $3.40
5
Bassoon Concerto in B flat K.191 Andante ma adagio

Bassoon Concerto in B flat K.191 Andante ma adagio

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor Alexander Janiczek
Soloist Ursula Leveaux - bassoon
6:47 Play $3.40
6
Bassoon Concerto in B flat K.191 Rondo: Tempo di menuetto

Bassoon Concerto in B flat K.191 Rondo: Tempo di menuetto

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor Alexander Janiczek
Soloist Ursula Leveaux - bassoon
4:21 Play $1.70
7
Clarinet Concerto in A Allegro

Clarinet Concerto in A Allegro

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor Alexander Janiczek
Soloist Maximiliano Martin - clarinet
12:03 Play $5.10
8
Clarinet Concerto in A Adagio

Clarinet Concerto in A Adagio

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor Alexander Janiczek
Soloist Maximiliano Martin - clarinet
7:29 Play $3.40
9
Clarinet Concerto in A Allegro

Clarinet Concerto in A Allegro

Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor Alexander Janiczek
Soloist Maximiliano Martin - clarinet
8:14 Play $3.40
Total Running Time 72 minutes Purchase all tracks 
$13.00 
Prices shown in US Dollars

Section principals Alison Mitchell (flute), Ursula Leveaux (bassoon) and Maximiliano Martín (clarinet) celebrate the 250th anniversary of the birth of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Download includes - cover art, inlay, booklet
Alexander Janiczek

Alexander Janiczek

Few violinists working today can equal the intellectual and musical breadth of artist Alexander Janiczek.
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Maximiliano Martin

Maximiliano Martin

Young Spanish clarinettist Maximiliano Martin is rapidly establishing himself as one of the most talented and charismatic musicians of his generation. Maxi already has many fans as the popular Principal Clarinet for the Scottish Chamber Orchestra. 
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Scottish Chamber Orchestra

Scottish Chamber Orchestra

The Scottish Chamber Orchestra is one of Scotland’s foremost cultural ambassadors. The Linn series features performances conducted by Robin Ticciati, Alexander Janizcek, Joseph Swensen and Sir Charles Mackerras.
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Mozart is one of the most enduringly popular classical composers. He is responsible for over 600 works, many acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, piano, operatic, and choral music.
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Austrian conductor Alexander Janiczek is the ideal choice to lead the orchestra in the well-loved repertoire of his fellow Austrian. Audiophile Audition summed up the recording in its review: 'Three superb concertos, three superb soloists, and a superb hi-res recording.'

Incredibly the Bassoon Concerto was written when Mozart was only eighteen. By this stage in his life he had already written about thirty symphonies, a dozen string quartets, and several Italian operas. The Flute Concerto is notable for the fact that Mozart did not like the flute as an instrument famously stating 'whenever I have to write music for an instrument I dislike, I immediately lose interest'.

In 1791, the last year of his life, Mozart wrote the Clarinet Concerto. Interestingly the Concerto was not composed for a standard clarinet in A but for an instrument the court clarinettist Anton Stadler had developed which extended the instrument's lower range by four notes. The Concerto was published with the solo part adapted to suit an ordinary clarinet, but for this performance Maximiliano Martin has adapted the text of the first edition to make the best use of the clarinet's lowest register.

 

Mozart Wind Concertos 

The main theme in the Bassoon Concerto’s first movement, heard at the start and repeated by the solo on its first entry, centres on the bassoon’s most vocal tenor register, but with an initial motif of a bold descent through two octaves, designed to demonstrate the instrument’s wide range. This theme, in the Concerto’s opening bars, also brings into striking prominence the orchestra’s high-pitched B flat horns. The opening tutti already shows Mozart’s knack of presenting an extended series of contrasting ideas in such a way that the succession has the naturalness and spontaneity of a lively conversation. The end of the tutti is signalled by an emphatic unison rising scale, used as punctuation throughout the movement. In the middle section, where it appears most frequently, Mozart cleverly shortens this idea by degrees, so its appearance is never predictable. Another idea, which serves as second subject, is first heard as a single violin line with accompaniment. Instead of repeating this, the bassoon adds a counterpoint, only playing the original theme when it returns for a final time, when the violins play the counterpoint.

The Andante ma adagio (the unusual indication means “moving, but slowly”) takes the form of an aria, its soft, sensuous mood enhanced by the colour of muted strings. Again, the solo melodies concentrate on the bassoon’s plangent tenor register; occasional lower notes act as a dramatic reinforcement of the bass line, with a particularly memorable passage in which a series of these bass notes leads down to the bassoon’s very lowest pitch. In an era when many concerto slow movements were accompanied by strings alone, Mozart characteristically gives prominence to the oboes, not just in the tutti sections, but accompanying and in dialogue with the soloist.

The Bassoon Concerto’s Rondo begins with what sounds like a complete minuet played by the orchestra, and when the bassoon enters it’s with the beginning of a variation, soon, however, branching off into new ideas. Two further episodes, separated by shortened repeats of the orchestral minuet, are heard before the soloist gets a chance to play this main theme. It’s a crucial moment, preceded by a pause and a short cadenza, and gives the movement an extra dimension. The Flute Concerto’s opening Allegro maestoso, with pointed, march-like rhythms, has a character that balances vivacity and stateliness. The first tutti is compact – just thirty bars – but this is the only concession to the requirement for a “small, short concerto”; these opening ideas are expanded by flute and orchestra to generous proportions. Indeed, the majestic style of the movement suggests that maybe Mozart had in mind the playing of the experienced professional, Wendling, rather than the amateur, Dejean.

The enchanted atmosphere of the Adagio recalls the mood and sonorities of the slow movement of the G major violin concerto of 1775 (K216); both pieces are in D major, with muted strings and flutes instead of oboes in the orchestra’s wind section. And in both movements the soloist projects a calm cantilena above an accompaniment that’s full of movement, and both feature a final return by the soloist after the cadenza to the opening melody. The solemn rising unison at the start, however, comes as a pre-echo of the great Adagio in the Gran Partita (K361) for wind instruments. The finale, another rondo in minuet tempo, brings the soloist in at the outset, contrasting the lightly accompanied solo statement of the theme with the sonorous orchestral version that follows. This same sequence recurs whenever the theme is repeated, but each time the flute finds a new way of ornamenting the melody, the decorations then repeated by the orchestra. In between, the episodes feature several brilliant solo passages, but Mozart is never content for long to leave the orchestra just to provide an accompaniment, delighting in bringing it forward to share in lively dialogue with the soloist.

In the 1779s, as we’ve seen, Mozart wrote concertos for a number of different instruments, but in the next decade we find him focussed more narrowly on his career as pianist/composer; the horn concertos written for Joseph Leutgeb are the only non-keyboard ones from the 1780s. In 1791, however, he turned to an instrument for which he had not previously written a concerto. For his friend, the court clarinettist Anton Stadler, he had already written two magnificent chamber works – the Trio with piano and viola, K498, and the Quintet, K581, plus unfinished drafts for two other quintets, and, of course, remarkable clarinet parts in operatic and orchestral music (where the two clarinettists would have been Stadler and his brother Johann). The Concerto was not composed for a standard clarinet in A but for an instrument Stadler had developed, extending the instrument’s lower range by four notes. The autograph score has not survived, and when the Concerto was first published after Mozart’s death, the solo part was adapted to suit an ordinary clarinet. For this performance, Maximiliano Martin plays a clarinet with the usual range, but has adapted the text of the first edition to make the best use of the clarinet’s lowest register.

In the thirteen years since the Flute Concerto, Mozart’s style had changed considerably. Instead of the slightly formal air of the earlier work’s opening, the Clarinet Concerto starts quietly and without seeking any dramatic effect. Indeed, the whole work can be seen as an essay in light and shade: in the solo part, between the bright upper register and the dark lower notes, with the two often opposing one another in dramatic fashion. Then there’s the contrast between the full, mellifluous orchestral sound and the intimate effect of many delicately scored passages for clarinet with upper strings, like the opening of the rondo finale. The characteristic sound of this concerto relates to its unusual orchestration, with pairs of flutes, bassoons and horns added to the strings – Mozart clearly didn’t want to oppose the clarinet’s sound to the more incisive tone of the oboe. The most glorious orchestral moments come in the Adagio, where the clarinet’s statements of the hymn-like theme are taken up by the orchestra, which plays the role of a chorus inspired by a solo singer. This Adagio’s simplicity of design, with regular phrase lengths that are only broken once or twice by the soloist, to avoid monotony and for expressive effect, contrasts with the elaborate, typically Mozartean play of different motifs in the outer movements. Duncan Druce

 

Musicians:

Scottish Chamber Orchestra dir. Alexander Janiczek
Alison Mitchell - flute
Ursula Leveaux - bassoon
Maximiliano Martín - clarinet  

Recording information:

Produced by Tim Oldham
Recorded at the Usher Hall, Edinburgh, 5-7 June 2005 by Philip Hobbs
Post Production by Julia Thomas, Finesplice UK 

The SCO crosses the Pond
20 October 2010
Orchestra announces 4 US dates
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Atlanta Audio Society
SCO soloists savor Mozart concertos...
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Hi-Fi Choice
4 Stars
Martin's playing has the easy virtuosity that only top class musicians can achieve.
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Audiophile Audition
4 Stars
Three superb concertos, three superb soloists, and a superb hi-res recording
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The Herald
5 Stars
Very fine, beautifully-paced performances, with the SCO, in exquisitely sensitive, responsive form
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The Scotsman
4 Stars
A recording full of "energetic freshness"
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John O'Groat Journal
The recording is excellent in all aspects
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10 September 2015 to 10 September 2015
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Selkirk Victoria Halls, Selkirk Scotland United Kingdom
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11 September 2015 to 11 September 2015
Scotland
St Mary's Church, Haddington Scotland United Kingdom
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03 October 2015 to 03 October 2015
Scotland
Greyfriars Kirk, Greyfriars Place, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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08 October 2015 to 08 October 2015
Scotland
Usher Hall, Lothian Road, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
Brahms Symphony No 1

09 October 2015 to 09 October 2015
Scotland
City Halls, Candleriggs, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
Brahms Symphony No 1

15 October 2015 to 15 October 2015
Scotland
Usher Hall, Lothian Road, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
Brahms Symphony No 2

16 October 2015 to 16 October 2015
Scotland
City Halls, Candleriggs, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
Brahms Symphony No 2

17 October 2015 to 17 October 2015
Scotland
Aberdeen Music Hall, Union Street, Aberdeen Scotland United Kingdom
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22 October 2015 to 22 October 2015
Scotland
Queen's Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
Handel's Theodora

23 October 2015 to 23 October 2015
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
Handel's Theodora

28 October 2015 to 28 October 2015
Scotland
Younger Hall, North Street, St Andrews Scotland United Kingdom
The Maiden In The Tower

29 October 2015 to 29 October 2015
Scotland
Queen's Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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30 October 2015 to 30 October 2015
Scotland
City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
The Maiden In The Tower

04 November 2015 to 04 November 2015
Scotland
Perth Concert Hall, Perth Scotland United Kingdom
An Evening with Emmanuel Krivine

05 November 2015 to 05 November 2015
Scotland
Usher Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
An Evening with Emmanuel Krivine

06 November 2015 to 05 November 2015
Scotland
City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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11 November 2015 to 11 December 2015
Scotland
City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
John Butt Conducts Generations of Bach

12 November 2015 to 12 November 2015
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Queen's Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
Sibelius Symphony No 3

13 November 2015 to 13 November 2015
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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15 November 2015 to 15 November 2015
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Queen's Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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25 November 2015 to 25 November 2015
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Younger Hall, St Andrews Scotland United Kingdom
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26 November 2015 to 26 November 2015
Scotland
Queen's Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
Schumann Cello Concerto

27 November 2015 to 27 November 2015
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
Schumann Cello Concerto

03 December 2015 to 03 December 2015
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Greyfriars Kirk, Greyfriars Place Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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10 December 2015 to 10 December 2015
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Queen's Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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17 December 2015 to 17 December 2015
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Queen's Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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18 December 2015 to 18 December 2015
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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19 December 2015 to 19 December 2015
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01 January 2016 to 01 January 2016
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14 January 2016 to 14 January 2016
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Usher Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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15 January 2016 to 15 January 2016
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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17 January 2016 to 17 January 2016
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Queen's Hall, 85-89 Clerk Street, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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21 January 2016 to 21 January 2015
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Usher Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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22 January 2016 to 22 January 2016
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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23 January 2016 to 23 January 2016
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03 February 2016 to 03 February 2016
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Younger hall, St Andrews Scotland United Kingdom
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04 February 2016 to 04 February 2016
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Usher Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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05 February 2016 to 05 February 2016
Scotland
City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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13 February 2016 to 13 February 2016
Scotland
Assembly Rooms, 54 George Street, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
The Crocodiamond

14 February 2016 to 14 February 2016
Scotland
City Halls, Candleriggs, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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25 February 2016 to 26 February 2016
Scotland
City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
Vaughan Williams Symphony No 5

27 February 2016 to 27 February 2016
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Usher Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
Vaughan Williams Symphony No 5

02 March 2016 to 02 March 2016
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03 March 2016 to 03 March 2016
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04 March 2016 to 04 March 2016
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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10 March 2016 to 10 March 2016
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11 March 2016 to 11 March 2016
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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17 March 2016 to 17 March 2016
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Usher Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
Brahms' Requiem

18 March 2016 to 18 March 2016
Scotland
City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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20 March 2016 to 20 March 2016
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Queen's Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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07 April 2016 to 07 April 2016
Scotland
Queen's Hall, Edinburgh Scotland United Kingdom
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08 April 2016 to 08 April 2016
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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13 April 2016 to 13 April 2016
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Bizet Symphony in C

14 April 2016 to 14 April 2016
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15 April 2016 to 15 April 2016
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29 April 2016 to 29 April 2016
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City Halls, Glasgow Scotland United Kingdom
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